Ticks are known carriers of Lyme disease but it is unknown exactly how many people have died after contracting Lyme disease. In 2013, the center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) confirmed that Lyme carditis (a condition caused by Lyme bacterium which affects the heart) was responsible for three deaths in the United States. Public health officials report between 30,000 and 36,000 cases of the disease a year. Ticks are most active in May, June, and early July.
Symptoms & Treatment of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease affects each person differently and the most common symptoms include skin lesions that resemble a bullseye, headaches, coughing, sore throat, conjunctivitis and minor neurological impairment. If Lyme disease is diagnosed in the early stages it can be treated with a short-term dose of antibiotics. If left untreated symptoms will progress resulting in neurological conditions including meningitis and encephalitis. Ticks are the primary vector for Lyme disease, most notably the deer tick although Lyme disease can be found in many other species of ticks including the American dog tick, Eastern wood tick, Lone Star tick and Blacklegged tick.
Can I Get Lyme Disease from My Partner?
A new study published this past January indicates that Lyme disease may be transmitted sexually. The study concludes that the Lyme pathogen, Borrelia burgdoferi more commonly referred to as Bb has been found in the sexual secretions of both men and women raising the issue of whether it is possible for people to be at risk through intimate contact. Interesting enough, Bb is one of only six known spirochete bacteria, one of which is responsible for syphilis another sexually transmitted disease.
History of Lyme Disease in Plum Island & Connecticut
During the summer of 1975, at least 39 children in Lyme, Connecticut shared common symptoms that were similar in nature to juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. In 1977 a doctor from Yale University identified a new disease transmitted by ticks which he named Lyme arthritis and which later became known as Lyme disease. Ticks are active year round but spring is the most dangerous time for infection. Spring is the time of year that the baby ticks often referred to as nits are born and are so tiny they are almost invisible. One controversial theory regarding the sudden appearance of the disease in Connecticut is the accidental release of infected ticks that were used during experiments at Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Long Island Sound which is approximately eight miles south of Lyme. There have been countless books written regarding ticks being used as potential vectors of disease designed for use during germ warfare. While state officials continue to deny these allegations, many people believe that the government used the facility at Plum Island to develop various diseases that were intended for use as biological weapons.
How Long Does it Take for Ticks to Transmit Lyme Disease?
In 2011, 96% of the Lyme disease cases that were diagnosed in the United States were found in the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin. While ticks can attach themselves to any part of the human body that are most often found in warm moist areas including the groin and armpits. In most cases the tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours or longer before it is possible for Lyme disease to be transmitted.
Don’t let ticks and their potential to carry Lyme disease ruin your summer. For information regarding tick control and prevention, contact the knowledgeable experts at Dave’s Pest Control today, and speak with a friendly customer service professional regarding all of your tick control needs.