Mosquitoes are best known for the habits of the adult females which often feed on blood to help generate their eggs. Adult mosquitoes prefer to be active from dusk till dawn but can become active with sufficient cloud cover or in dark shady places. Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies. The females have a tube-like mouth part that pierces the host to consume blood. They feed on many vertebrates that include mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, an even some kinds of fish. The saliva will cause an irritating rash that is a serious nuisance. Much more serious is the role they play in the spread of disease. Mosquito prevention is a vital public-health practice throughout the world especially in the tropics.

Mosquitoes Breed in Standing Water

Mosquitoes can breed in as little as one inch of standing water, which means there are numerous places around a home that might support them. Getting rid of these is key in prevention. Remove empty containers that can collect water. It’s important to monitor standing water sources like rain gutters, buckets with water in them, toys that can collect water and plastic covers. Bird feeders and pools need to be emptied and/or drained. Keep swimming pool water treated and circulating. Repellents can be applied to the skin to give short-term protection against mosquito bites. There are also electronic insect repellent devices which will produce ultrasounds that are developed to keep mosquitoes away.

Ways to Prevent Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes like to rest in tall grass during the day and among shrubs in moist, shady spots so cutting the grass and trimming the bushes prevents them from having a resting place. Rake the leaves as they can hold enough water for a mosquito to lay eggs and gives them a place to wait out the day. Check rain gutters and fill in low-lying areas in the yard which can hold water. These steps will not guarantee they will stay away but considering most mosquitoes feed within a few hundred yards of where they were hatched it will help reduce the number of biting mosquitoes in the immediate area. Adding microbial insecticide products that cause mosquito mortality in their water environments is another method. Insect growth regulators prevent them from reaching maturity and applying insecticides to vegetation that adult mosquitoes use as shelter will reduce their numbers. There are some natural ways to control mosquitoes. The mosquito-fish and dragon flies are natural predators. Plant repellents including citrosa, lemon, thyme and rosemary will help deter them. Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) is a naturally occurring bacteria used as a larvacide in ponds and other areas where mosquitoes are breeding causing the larvae die when they feed on it in the water.

Mosquito Prevention and population reduction is the most effective long-term approach to mosquito control. Often times it is required to use chemical products to supplement source reduction. If you’ve done all you can to reduce perfect breeding grounds for these pests and you need the help of professionals, give Dave’s Pest Control a call.